CSCI 1100 | Computer Science 1 Homework 8
A Bird in the Hand
This homework is worth 120 points toward your overall homework grade and is due Thursday
November 17, 2016 at 11:59:59 pm. It consists of three interrelated parts that we will use
to build up an Angry Birds simulation. Lab 9 should have given you at least some practice and
insight with classes. Use what you learned!
As always, good coding style is expected and low quality code will be penalized. Also, please reread
the collaboration guidelines we provided with HW 3. This late in the semester, there should be no
more confusion about how much collaboration is allowed. Please make sure that you develop your
code independently and that you follow the guidelines in HW 3 carefully. We will continue to use
a source code comparison tool to detect code that is too similar to have come about by chance.
Part 1: CS 1 Birds
Computer games such as Angry Birds are based on simulating the basic rules of physics, or at least
some rough approximation to these rules. These simulations involve a simple basic loop where in
1. The positions and sometimes the velocities (not here) of moving objects are both updated by
a small amount.
2. Objects are checked for collisions, and changes are made to the simulation based on these
While never 100% accurate, realistic looking results and physically useful predictions (for scientic
simulations) can be obtained by making sure the changes in each loop iteration are small.
We will apply this idea to a simple version of angry birds called CS 1 Birds. Along the way you
will get practice writing classes.
The simulation occurs over a rectangular region whose lower left and upper right corners are
locations (0; 0) and (1000; 1000). Take note of the playing eld. This is dierent than we
used for the wandering trainer. It now corresponds to the upper right quadrant of a graph. The
simulation will include birds, pigs, and barriers all represented by circles. Bird, pig and barrier
positions are in oats and correspond to points in cartesian or (x,y) coordinates. The pigs and
barriers are stationary, but the birds will move along a line (no gravity!). Each bird will move in
turn, slowing down or stopping when it strikes a pig or a barrier, and stopping when it becomes
too slow or when any part of it goes outside the game rectangle. When a bird strikes a pig, the
pig will \pop” and disappear from the simulation. When it strikes a barrier, the barrier will take
damage, but may or may not disappear depending on its initial strength and how many times it
has been hit. The simulation ends when either all pigs have been \popped” or when all birds have
stopped, whichever occurs rst.
We can summarize the possible behaviors as follows:
1. y – Update the current position by dx and dy
2. collide with a pig – Decrease x velocity by a factor of 2
3. collide with a barrier – Total velocity becomes 0
4. stops – total velocity becomes < 6, or the bird circle crosses the eld rectangle
1. bird collides with it – Pops!
1. collide with a bird – Takes mass times velocity squared damage. Do not let the strength
go below 0
2. crumbles if strength is reduced to 0
The input for the exercise will be stored in three separate les, one each for the birds, the pigs,
and the barriers. Each line of the bird le will be in the form
where name is a string giving the name of the bird, mass is the bird’s mass (used to calculate
damage to barriers), x0 and y0 specify the bird’s initial position (center of the circle), radius is
the bird’s radius, and dx and dy specify how far the bird moves in each time step. All values other
than name are oats.
The pig le will have a similar format. Each pig will be on one line in the form
where name is a string giving the name of the pig, xc and yc specify the pig’s center position, and
radius is the pig’s radius. All values other than name are oats.
And nally each line of the barrier le will be in the form
where name is a string giving the name of the structure, strength is a measure of how much damage
it can take before being destroyed, x0 and y0 specify the structure’s position (center of the circle),
and radius is the structures radius. All values other than name are oats.
Simulation and Output
At the start of the simulation ask for the bird le, the pig le and the barrier le and read the data
in to create lists of bird, pig and barrier objects. You may assume all input is properly formatted, all
birds are entirely inside the bounding rectangle at the start, and none of the birds or pigs intersect
each other at the start. You may also assume that each bird’s movement (dx; dy) is much smaller
than the radii of the pigs and barriers so that you do not need to worry about a bird completely
passing through a pig in one time step.
After reading all birds, pigs, and barriers, your program should have three lists, one of Bird objects,
one of Pig objects and one of Barrier objects. At this point print out the number of birds, the
name of each bird and its starting center location, the number of pigs, and the name of each pig
and its center location, the number of barriers, the name of each barrier and its center location.
The order should be the order the birds/pigs/barriers were read in. Follow the format of the output
examples we have provided in the separate les.
The simulation starts at time 0 with the rst bird in its initial location. For this, output
Time 0: Freddie starts at (28.3,29.1)
All position output should be accurate to 1 decimal place. Please follow the output precisely as
shown | it should be fairly straightforward
In each time step:
1. Increment the time counter
2. Move the current bird by its dx and dy values. (To be clear, the rst bird’s rst step will be
at time 1.)
3. Check to see if the bird’s circle intersects the circle of a pig that has not yet been popped.
(Intersection occurs when the distance between the two circle centers is less than or equal to
the sum of the two circle radii.) If so,
(a) Print one line giving the time, the name of the bird, the position of the bird, and the
name of the pig or barrier. For example,
Time 25: Freddie at (15.3,19.1) pops Wilbur
(b) \Pop” the pig. One easy thing to do is to remove the pig from the list of pigs.
(c) Decrease the dx value (the x speed ONLY) of the bird by 50% (Throughout your code
you might want to make sure that Python knows that the speed is a oat…) Note that
this changes the direction the bird is heading. Print one more line,
Time 25: Freddie at (15.3,19.1) has (dx,dy) = (4.5,5.0)
(d) The data we provide is arranged such that only one pig will be struck at a given time
step. Once you have popped the rst pig, you can stop reviewing the rest of the pig list.
4. Check to see if the bird’s circle intersects the circle of a barrier that has not yet crumbled.
(Again, intersection occurs when the distance between the two circle centers is less than or
equal to the sum of the two circle radii.) If so,
(a) Print one line giving the time, the name of the bird, the position of the bird, the name of
the barrier and the barrier’s strength. Be sure to not let the barrier go below 0 strength.
Time 25: Freddie at (15.3,19.1) hits Picket, Strength 0.0
(b) If the barrier’s strength is dropped to 0, the barrier crumbles and an additional message
should be printed
Time 25: Picket crumbles
(c) Decrease the dx and dy of the bird to 0. Print one more line,
Time 25: Freddie at (15.3,19.1) has (dx,dy) = (0.0,0.0)
(d) Again, the data we provide is arranged such that only one barrier will be struck at a
given time step. Once you have struck the rst barrier, you can stop reviewing the rest
of the barrier list.
5. Check two more things in the following order:
(a) If the bird reaches a speed below MINSPEED==6, stop moving the bird, remove it from
the simulation, and move on to the next bird. (Note that the speed is
dx2 + dy2.)
When this occurs output the time, the name, the location and the speed the bird, e.g.
Time 281: Super Chicken at (668.0,364.7) with speed 4.6 stops
(b) If any part of the bird’s circle has gone outside the rectangle (its x position minus its
radius is less than 0 or its x position plus its radius is greater than 1000, or its y position
minus its radius is less than 0 or its y position plus its radius is greater than 1000).
When this occurs, output the time, the name and location of the bird. For example,
Time 25: Big-Bird at (975.0,234.0) has left the game
When a bird stops or leaves the eld and there are more birds and more pigs left, start the
next bird immediately at its initial location. Output something like
Time 25: Daffy starts at (123.7,88.5)
Just to be clear, the time Day starts is the same time the previous bird (Big-Bird) leaves
the board. Day does not move until the next time, and therefore no tests against pigs or
barriers are needed.
6. If all pigs are popped then output a message saying something like
Time 33: All pigs are popped. The birds win!
and stop the game.
7. Otherwise, if there are no more birds, output a message with the names of the surviving pigs
(ordered by their order of input). For example,
Time 33: No more birds. The pigs win!
and stop the game.
The logic of this is a bit complicated, with a number of cases to check, so implement it carefully!
Use of Classes and Functions
You must use at least three classes, one for a pig, one for a bird, and one for a barrier. The pig
class is the smallest and can be as simple as:
def __init__( self, n, x0, y0, r0 ):
self.name = n
self.x = x0
self.y = y0
self.radius = r0
although we added other functionality to our code to make some of the reporting and printing
easier. You are welcome to use this part of the pig dention in your code. We will not consider it
in our code comparison. The barriers and birds are increasingly more complicated and we suggest
that in particular you add a lot of functionality into the Bird class to make the simulation easier.
This is the longest and one of the most complicated assignments we have given so far. The program
match portion (autograding) will be worth 90 of the 120 points available for the homework, and
we want you to have an opportunity to get substantial parital credit even if you are having trouble
completing all three classes correctly. To achieve this, we will be providing you with three scenarios
of varying diculty:
Scenario 1 will be worth 40 points and will not include any collisions. You will need to read
in and report on the birds, pigs and barriers, but when the simulation starts the birds will
y without hitting anything to the end of the board. Obviously, the pigs will win. Example
les bird1.txt, pig1.txt and barrier1.txt we provided exemplify this scenario.
Scenario 2, worth 30 points and exemplied by bird2.txt, pig2.txt and barrier2.txt,
will add collisions between birds and pigs, but not striking of barriers by birds.
Scenario 3, worth 20 points and exemplied by (you guessed it) bird3.txt, pig3.txt and
barrier3.txt, will also include birds striking barriers.
Thus, if you just implement the code for scenario 1 you can earn up to 44% of the autograde points.
Adding in collisions with pigs can get you all the way up to 78% of the autograded points. Two
1. Some of the tests we use on Submitty will be dierent from these example les.
2. Do not ask for help on a later scenario until you can prove that your code works for an
earlier scenario. In other words, get Scenario 1 working before you even consider moving on
to Scenario 2, and get Scenario 2 working before you even consider Scenario 3
Module Organization and Submission Instructions
Please follow these instructions carefully: Your program should be split across four les,
Pig.py, Bird.py, Barrier.py and hw8.py. hw8.py should start with
from Pig import *
from Bird import *
from Barrier import *
and include the rest of your code. All code should follow our coding guidelines. If you need a
refresher, look at HW6.
We recommend that when you program your solution you start simple and build up:
1. Create the three class les, Bird.py, Pig.py, and Barrier.py les and write initializers for
2. Write the code to ask for the lenames, create the lists, and report on the initial list contents.
3. Test to make sure your input is working correctly
4. Add ying to the bird and write the simulation loop without worrying about collisions
5. Test and verify that you correctly solve the rst scenario. At this point you have earned
40 of the 90 autograding points. Save this le as a backup.
6. Without breaking scenario 1, add in code to let birds collide with pigs.
7. Test and verify that you correctly solve the rst and second scenarios. At this point you
have earned 70 of the 90 autograding points. Save this le as a backup.
8. Without breaking scenarios 1 or 2, add in code to let birds collide with barriers.
9. Test and verify that you correctly solve the rst, second and third scenarios. At this point
you have earned 90 of the 90 autograding points. Save this le as a backup.
The output from the scenarios and the scenario input les can all be found in hw08files.zip. In
order to submit your solution: You will need to submit your homework by dragging all four of
the les Bird.py, Pig.py, Barrier.py and hw8.py into the Submitty submission block. Be careful
to name them correctly.