Create a class named Horse that contains data fields for the name, color, and birth year. Include get and set methods for these fields. Next, create a subclass named RaceHorse, which contains an additional field that holds the number of races in which the horse has competed and additional methods to get and set the new field. Write an application that demonstrates using objects of each class. Save the files as Horse.java, RaceHorse.java, and DemoHorses.java.
2. Mick’s Wicks makes candles in various sizes. Create a class for the business named Candle that contains data fields for color, height, and price. Create get methods for all three fields. Create set methods for color and height, but not for price. Instead, when height is set, determine the price as $2 per inch. Create a child class named ScentedCandle that contains an additional data field named scent and methods to get and set it. In the child class, override the parent’s setHeight() method to set the price of a ScentedCandle object at $3 per inch. Write an application that instantiates an object of each type and displays the details. Save the files as Candle.java, ScentedCandle.java, and DemoCandles.java
a. Create an abstract class named Book. Include a String field for the book’s title and a double field for the book’s price. Within the class, include a constructor that requires the book title, and add two get methods—one that returns the title and one that returns the price. Include an abstract method named setPrice(). Create two child classes of Book: Fiction and NonFiction. Each must include a setPrice() method that sets the price for all Fiction Books to $24.99 and for all NonFiction Books to $37.99. Write a constructor for each subclass, and include a call to setPrice() within each. Write an application demonstrating that you can create both a Fiction and a NonFiction Book and display their fields. Save the files as Book.java, Fiction.java, NonFiction.java, and UseBook.java.
b. Write an application named BookArray in which you create an array that holds 10 Books, some Fiction and some NonFiction. Using a for loop, display details about all 10 books. Save the file as BookArray.java.
a. The Talk-A-Lot Cell Phone Company provides phone services for its customers. Create an abstract class named PhoneCall that includes a String field for a phone number and a double field for the price of the call. Also include a constructor that requires a phone number parameter and that sets the price to 0.0. Include a set method for the price. Also include three abstract get methods—one that returns the phone number, another that returns the price of the call, and a third that displays information about the call. Create two child classes of PhoneCall: IncomingPhoneCall and OutgoingPhoneCall. The IncomingPhoneCall constructor passes its phone number parameter to its parent’s constructor and sets the price of the call to 0.02. The method that displays the phone call information displays the phone number, the rate, and the price of the call (which is the same as the rate). The OutgoingPhoneCall class includes an additional field that holds the time of the call in minutes. The constructor requires both a phone number and the time. The price is 0.04 per minute, and the display method shows the details of the call, including the phone number, the rate per minute, the number of minutes, and the total price. Write an application that demonstrates you can instantiate and display both IncomingPhoneCall and OutgoingPhoneCall objects. Save the files as PhoneCall.java, IncomingPhoneCall.java, OutgoingPhoneCall.java, and DemoPhoneCalls.java.
b. Write an application in which you assign data to a mix of 10 IncomingPhoneCall and OutgoingPhoneCall objects into an array. Use a for loop to display the data. Save the file as PhoneCallArray.java.